James S. Brink

Florisbad Quaternary Research Department
National Museum
PO Box 266
(w): +27 (0) 51 447 9609



Research Themes


Research Interests

  • The evolution of modern large mammal faunas and landscapes in southern Africa
  • The evolution of biogeographic distinction in the mammalian faunas of southern and East Africa
  • End-Pleistocene extinction in southern Africa


Lunga Bam (Necsa), Marck Batreman (Sheefield), Franceso Berna (Vancouver), Britt Bousman (Texas State), Michael Chazan (Toronto), Daryl Codron (National Museum), Frikkie de Beer (Necsa), Dominique Gommery, John Gowlett (Liverpool), Rainer Grun (Canberra), John Hancox (Wits), Andy Herries (La Trobe), Jacobus Hoffman (Necsa), Liora Horwitz (Jerusalem), Colin Menter (Johannesburg), Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi (Florence), Stephany Potze (Ditsong Museum), Lloyd Rossouw (National Museum), Louis Scott (Free State), Michael Toffolo (NAtional Museum), Gary Trower (Wits)

Selected Publications

  • Brink, J.S., A.I.R. Herries, J. Moggi-Cecchi, J.A.J. Gowlett, C.B. Bousman, J.P. Hancox, R. Grün, V. Eisenmann, J.W. Adams, & L. Rossouw. 2012. First hominine remains from a ~1.0 million year old bone bed at Cornelia-Uitzhoek, Free State Province, South Africa. Journal of Human Evolution. 63: 527-535. 
  • Chazan, M., D.M. Avery, M. Bamford, F. Berna, J.S. Brink, S. Holt, Y. Fernandez-Jalvo, P. Goldberg, A. Matmon, N. Porat, H. Ron, L. Rossouw, L. Scott, and L. Kolska Horwitz. 2012. The Oldowan horizon in Wonderwerk Cave (South Africa): archaeological, geological, paleontological and paleoclimatic evidence. Journal of Human Evolution. 63: 859-866.
  • Codron, D., J.S. Brink, L. Rossouw and M. Clauss. 2008. The evolution of ecological specialization in southern African ungulates: competition- or physical environmental turnover? Oikos 117: 344-353.
  • Codron, D. & J.S. Brink. 2007. Trophic ecology of two savanna grazers, blue wildebeest Connochaetes taurinus and black wildebeest Connochaetes gnou. European Journal of Wildlife Research 53: 90-99.
  • J.F. Thackeray & J. S. Brink. 2004. Damaliscus niro horns from Wonderwerk Cave and other Pleistocene sites: Morphological and chronological considerations. Palaeontologia Africana 40: 89-93.
  • Brink, J.S. 2004. The taphonomy of an Early/Middle Pleistocene hyaena burrow at Cornelia-Uitzoek, South Africa. Revue de Paléobiologie 23(2): 731-740.
  • Lacruz, R., J.S. Brink, P.J. Hancox, A.R. Skinner, A. Herries, P. Schmid & L.R. Berger. 2002. Palaeontology and geological context of a Middle Pleistocene faunal assemblage from the Gladysvale Cave, South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana 38: 99-114.
  • Brink, J.S. & Z.L. Henderson. 2001. A high-resolution Last Interglacial MSA horizon at Florisbad in the context of other open-air occurrences in the central interior of southern Africa: an interim statement. In: N. Conard (Ed.) Middle Palaeolithic and Middle Stone Age settlement systems. Kerns Verlag, Tuebingen. pp. 1-20.
  • Churchill, S.E., J.S. Brink, L.R. Berger, R. A. Hutchison, L. Rossouw, D. Stynder, P. J. Hancox, D. Brandt, S. Woodborne, J. C. Loock, L. Scott, and P. Ungar. 2000. Erfkroon: A new Florisian fossil locality from fluvial contexts in the western Free State. South African Journal of Science 96: 161-163.
  • Eisenmann, V. & J.S. Brink. 2000. Koffiefontein 'quaggas' and true Cape quaggas: the importance of basic skull morphology. South African Journal of Science 96: 529-533.
  • Brink, J.S. & L. Rossouw. 2000. New trial excavations at the Cornelia-Uitzoek type locality. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein 16:141-156.
  • Brink, J.S., L.R. Berger & S.E. Churchill. 1999. Mammalian fossils from erosional gullies (dongas) in the Doring River drainage. Central Free State Province, South Africa. In: C. Becker, H. Manhart, J.
  • Peters & J. Schibler (eds.), Historium animalium ex ossibus. Beiträge zur Paläoanatomie, Archäologie, Ägyptologie, Ethnologie und Geschichte der Tiermedizin: Festschrift für Angela von den Driesch. Rahden/Westf : Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH, 79-90.
  • Brink, J.S. 1999. Preliminary report on a caprine from the Cape mountains, South Africa. Archaeozoologia 10: 11-26.
  • Grün, R., J.S. Brink, N.A. Spooner, L. Taylor, C.B.Stringer, R.B. Franciscus, & A. Murray. 1996. Direct dating of the Florisbad hominid. Nature 382: 500-501.
  • Brink, J.S.,  H. de Bruiyn, L.B. Rademeyer and W.A. van der Westhuizen. 1995. A new find of Megalotragus priscus (Alcelaphini, Bovidae) from the central Karoo, South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana 32: 17-22.
  • Brink, J.S. 1994. An ass, Equus (Asinus) sp., from late Quaternary mammalian assemblages of Florisbad and Vlakkraal, central Southern Africa. South African Journal of Science 90: 497-500.
  • Brink, J.S. 1993. Postcranial evidence for the evolution of the black wildebeest, Connochaetes gnou: an exploratory study. Palaeontologia Africana 30: 61-69.
  • Brink, J.S. & J.A. Lee-Thorp. 1992. The feeding niche of an extinct springbok, Antidorcas bondi (Antilopini, Bovidae), and its palaeoenvironmental meaning. South African Journal of Science 88: 227-229.
  • Peters, J. & J.S. Brink. 1992. Comparative postcranial osteomorphology and osteometry of springbok, Antidorcas marsupialis (Zimmerman, 1780) and Grey rhebok, Pelea capreolus (Forster, 1790) (Mammalia, Bovidae). Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein 8: 162-207.
  • Scott, L. & J.S. Brink. 1992. Quaternary palynology, palaeontology and palaeoenvironments in central South Africa. South African Geographer 19: 22-34.
  • Brink, J.S. 1988. The taphonomy and palaeoecology of the Florisbad spring fauna. Palaeoecology of Africa 19: 169-179.
  • Brink, J.S. 1987. The archaeozoology of Florisbad, Orange Free State. Memoirs van die Nasionale Museum. 24. 151 pp.
  • Rubidge, B.S. & J.S. Brink. 1985. Preliminary survey of the extent and nature of the Pleistocene sedimentary deposits at Florisbad. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein 5:69-76.